Daniel Kahneman, (born March 5, 1934, Tel Aviv, Israel), Israeli-born psychologist, corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2002 for his integration of psychological research into economic science. His pioneering work examined human judgment and decision making under uncertainty. Kahneman shared the award with American economist Vernon L. Smith.
Kahneman studied psychology at Hebrew University (B.A., 1954) in Jerusalem and the University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1961). He was a lecturer (1961–70) and a professor (1970–78) of psychology at Hebrew University; from 2000 he held a fellowship at that university’s Center for Rationality. After teaching at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver (1978–86) and the University of California, Berkeley (1986–94), Kahneman in 1993 became the Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology at Princeton University and a professor of public affairs at Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, eventually retiring as emeritus professor of both posts in 2007. He was on the editorial boards of several academic journals, notably the Journal of Behavioral Decision Making and the Journal of Risk and Uncertainty.